The island of Pantelleria, which is of volcanic origin, is located in the Sicily Channel; it is characterized by a millennia-old volcanic landscape which is shaped by humans. With an area of approximately 83 square kilometers, the island hosts the peak of Montagna Grande (836 meters) and numerous volcanic cones such as Mount Gibele and Cuddia di Mida. The vegetation is divided into benthic zones with Cystoseira and benthonic zones with meadows of Posidonia oceanica on the mobile substrates. The island is important for bird migration and it includes endemic insect species. The natural environment and biodiversity make Pantelleria an area of great natural and environmental interest.