Currently, Panarea is quite degraded due to human impact (deforestation, cultivation, and fires). Forest formations have become rather rare, while secondary shrub aspects related to the destruction of forests are widespread. Among the better-preserved plant communities there are the coastal halophytic and the chasmophytic ones in rocky environments. From a floristic perspective, the island is the most significant in the entire archipelago, as it is home to species that are absent on the other islands. The island lies on an important migratory route for birds of pray and storks, which is part of the same migratory flow as the Strait of Messina. Additionally, the passage of passerines, especially in the autumn, is significant, with an abundance of turdids and sylviids. Among the nesting birds, the most notable presence is represented by colonies of Eleonora’s falcon, which are located on the rocky cliffs. The conservation status of the habitats can be considered good, allowing for a relatively rich fauna with some endemic species, sometimes unique to the Aeolian archipelago.