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Arcipelago delle Pelagie – area marina e terrestre

The Pelagie Islands Archipelago, consisting of Lampedusa, Linosa, and Lampione, offers a unique naturalistic environment. Lampedusa is characterized by white stratified limestone and northern cliffs along the coasts. On the other hand, Linosa has a volcanic origin, with pyroclastic cones and cultivated flat areas. Both islands experience variable rainfall and a semi-arid thermo-Mediterranean bioclimate.
The seabeds are diversified due to the substrate, featuring well-structured meadows of Posidonia oceanica and Caulerpa in clusters. The archipelago hosts exclusive plant species or those of significant phytogeographic interest. Notable fauna includes the colony of Scopoli’s shearwater on Linosa and numerous species of endemic insects on Lampedusa. The island is also important for the population of Eleonora’s falcon and the presence of endemic reptiles.
The marine and terrestrial environments present are extensive and well-structured, maintaining high biodiversity. The entire area is of significant naturalistic and landscape interest, with a variety of habitats that host unique and rare species.